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REACH绿色合规----《术语表2》
来源:上海沐睿 | 作者:沐睿环境-莉哥 | 发布时间: 2021-08-23 | 457 次浏览 | 分享到:

复杂物件:

在REACH法规中没有定义,但是ECHA使用的术语,是指两个或多个物品的组装,无论是机械连接还是化学连接,且在本指南中优先于术语“复杂产品”的使用,“复杂产品”这个词是由欧洲法院使用(见上文“物品”)。术语“非常复杂的物件”在ECHA中被使用,但这并没有很准确地定义,并且要求与复杂物件的要求相同,因此术语“非常复杂的物件”在本指南中未被进一步使用。

Complex object:

is not defined in the REACH Regulation, but is the term used by ECHA to refer to an assembly of two or more articles, whether joined mechanically or chemically,  and is used in this Guideline in preference to the term “Complex Product”, which is the term used by the European Court of Justice (see“Article”above). The term“very complex object”is used in by ECHA, but this is not well defined and the requirements are identical to those for complex objects, so the term“very complex object”is not used further in this Guideline.


消费者:

指其主要活动目的与其贸易、业务或职业无关的所有自然人。

Consumer:

means any natural person who is acting primarily for purposes which are not related to his or her trade,  business or profession.


危险物质:

本术语是指符合指令67/548/EEC(危险物质的分类、包装和标签,称为“DSD”)规定的危险标准的物质。DSD附录I列出了按照第 2.2.a-h)规定类别分类的危险物质。另外,还包括高持久性和高生物积聚性物质(vPvB)与持久性、生物累积性和毒性物质(PBT)。

Dangerous substance:

is the term used for substances which meet the criteria as being dangerous according to Directive 67/548/EEC (on the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances, so-called “DSD”). Annex I therein gives the list of dangerous substances classified according to the categories specified in Art. 2.2.a-h).  In addition, vPvB & PBT.


衍生无影响水平(DNEL):

是指不会对人体产生危害的最低暴露水平。 根据REACH附录1,对于每年制造量或进口量达到10吨或10吨以上的化学品,化学物质的制造商与进口商在进行化学品安全评估(CSA) 时,需计算其衍生无影响水平。衍生无影响水平需公布在化学品安全报告(CSR)用于危害信息传递及扩展安全数据表中。

Derived no-effect level (DNEL) :

is the level of exposure to a substance above which humans should not be exposed. According to Annex 1 REACH manufacturers and importers of chemical  substances are required to calculate DNELs as part of their Chemical Safety Assessment (CSA) for any chemicals used in quantities of 10 tonnes or more per year. The DNEL is to be published in the manufacturer’s Chemical Safety Report (CSR) and, for hazard communication, in an extended Safety Data Sheet  (Ext-SDS).


经销商:

指“所有欧盟内自然人或设立的法人,包括零售商,且其仅为第三方存放单独物质或配制品中物质或将其投放市场”(REACH第3.14条)。

Distributor :

means “any natural or legal person established within the Community, including a retailer, who only stores and places on the market a substance, on its own or in a mixture, for third parties” (Art. 3.14 REACH).


下游用户 :

指“除制造商或进口商外,在工业生产或专业活动中,使用单独物质或配制品中的物质的所有内的自然人或设立的法人。经销商或消费者不属于下游用户。按照REACH第2(7)(c)条规定,具有豁免权的再进口商应视为下游用户”(REACH第3.13条)。

Downstream user (DU) :

means “any natural or legal person established within the Community, other than the manufacturer or the importer, who uses a substance, either on its own or in a mixture, in the course of his industrial or professional activities. A distributor or a consumer is not a downstream user. A re-importer exempted pursuant to Art. 2.7.c REACH shall be regarded as a downstream user” (Art. 3.13 REACH).


注:如果只是通过装配其他物品(分部件)制造物品,而未使用物质或配制品者,则根据REACH规定不能视为下游用户(化学品)。

NOTE:If you manufacture complex objects only by assembling other complex objects and/or articles  (sub-components) without using substances or mixtures, you are not considered a downstream user  (of substances) under REACH.




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