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欧盟和土耳其讨论气候危机和未来合作
来源:欧盟委员会 | 作者:沐睿环境-莉哥 | 发布时间: 2021-09-28 | 188 次浏览 | 分享到:

The EU and Turkey discuss climate crisis and future cooperation
Today the European Commission’s Executive Vice President for the European Green Deal Frans Timmermans and Turkish Minister of Environment and Urbanisation Murat Kurum met in Brussels for a high-level dialogue on climate. Both the EU and Turkey have recently experienced extreme impacts of climate change, such as wildfires and floods; Turkey has also seen the largest ever outbreak of “sea snot” in the Marmara Sea – overgrowth of microscopic algae caused by water pollution and climate change.
In the wake of these climate change-induced events, Turkey and the EU discussed areas where they could advance their climate cooperation, in the pursuit of achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement. Executive Vice President Timmermans and Minister Kurum exchanged views on urgent and drastic actions required to close the gap between what is needed and what is being done in terms of cutting emissions down to net-zero by mid-century, and thereby keep the 1.5°C goal within reach. They discussed carbon pricing policies as an area of common interest, considering the forthcoming establishment of an Emissions Trading System in Turkey and the revision of the EU Emissions Trading System. Adaptation to climate change also featured high on the agenda along with addressing and reaping the benefits of nature-based solutions to counter both climate change and biodiversity loss.
“The devastating events we witnessed this summer, in particular around the Mediterranean, show how quickly reality is catching up with scientific scenarios. There is an urgent need for climate ambition and clear commitments from all governments. I am looking forward to Turkey formulating its own Green Deal and putting in place ambitious domestic climate policies. Crucially, domestic financial flows should be redirected to climate-friendly investments to boost resilient economic development. To continue competing and trading in a fast changing global market, both Turkey and the EU need to set their economies on a modern and sustainable course,” said EVP Frans Timmermans following the meeting.
Minister Murat Kurum stated that “I regard the High-Level Climate Dialogue between the EU and Turkey as a great opportunity to strengthen our cooperation in combating climate change and to support Turkey's accession process to the EU. Turkey considers combating climate change not only as a supra-political and borderless matter but also as a security and development matter. In this respect, Turkey resolutely maintains its efforts in combatting climate change. However, the economic cost of all these activities is extremely high. In combating climate change, Turkey's access to international climate finance resources will render our efforts more effective globally.”
Talks will continue at technical level and Ministers agreed to take stock of progress in early 2022.
In the run-up to the COP26 negotiations, the need for urgent climate action has been recently further confirmed by the International Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) in the Climate Change 2021: Physical Science Basis report. At political level, the pre-COP summit in Milan at the end of the month as well as the G20 summit at the end of October – in which both the EU and Turkey will participate – will be important milestones ahead of the Glasgow conference.

欧盟和土耳其讨论气候危机和未来合作
今天,欧盟委员会负责欧洲绿色协议的执行副主席Frans Timmermans和土耳其环境与城市化部长Murat Kurum在布鲁塞尔举行了气候高级别对话。欧盟和土耳其最近都经历了气候变化的极端影响,如野火和洪水;土耳其还在马尔马拉海爆发了有史以来规模最大的“海鼻涕”——水污染和气候变化导致微小藻类过度生长。在这些气候变化引起的事件之后,土耳其和欧盟讨论了他们可以推进气候合作的领域,以追求实现《巴黎协定》的目标。执行副总统蒂默曼斯和部长库鲁姆就需要采取紧急和激烈的行动,以缩小在本世纪中叶将排放降至零净水平方面的需要与正在做的工作之间的差距,从而使1.5°C的目标能够实现,交换了意见。他们讨论了作为共同利益领域的碳定价政策,考虑到即将在土耳其建立排放交易系统和修订欧盟排放交易系统。适应气候变化也在议程中占有重要地位,同时应对气候变化和生物多样性丧失的基于自然的解决方案,并从中受益。
“我们今年夏天目睹的毁灭性事件,特别是在地中海周围,表明现实正在多么迅速地赶上科学设想。现在迫切需要各国政府拿出应对气候变化的雄心和明确承诺。我期待着土耳其制定自己的绿色协议,并落实雄心勃勃的国内气候政策。至关重要的是,国内资金流动应转向气候友好型投资,以促进有弹性的经济发展。为了在快速变化的全球市场中继续竞争和贸易,土耳其和欧盟都需要使其经济走上现代化和可持续的道路,”执行副总裁Frans Timmermans在会议后表示。
穆拉特·库鲁姆部长表示:“我认为欧盟和土耳其之间的高级别气候对话是加强我们在应对气候变化和支持土耳其加入欧盟进程方面合作的一个很好的机会。土耳其认为,应对气候变化不仅是一个超越政治和无国界的问题,也是一个安全和发展问题。在这方面,土耳其坚定地继续努力应对气候变化。然而,所有这些活动的经济成本是非常高的。在应对气候变化方面,土耳其获得国际气候融资资源将使我们的努力在全球更有效。”
会谈将在技术层面继续进行,部长们同意在2022年初评估进展情况。
在COP26谈判的准备阶段,国际气候变化专门委员会(IPCC)最近在《2021年气候变化:物理科学基础》报告中进一步确认了采取紧急气候行动的必要性。在政治层面,本月底在米兰举行的缔约方会议前峰会以及10月底欧盟和土耳其将参加的20国集团峰会,将是格拉斯哥会议之前的重要里程碑。




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