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欧盟汽车制造商欢迎人工智能的提议
来源:ACEA | 作者:沐睿环境-莉哥 | 发布时间: 2021-09-29 | 256 次浏览 | 分享到:

EU approach to Artificial Intelligence welcomed by automobile manufacturers

The European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA) welcomes the European Commission’s initiative on Artificial Intelligence and its goal to develop a European ecosystem of excellence and trust around AI.

ACEA supports the risk-based approach laid down in the proposal. Indeed, a key element for a successful European approach to AI is that the requirements set out in the Regulation are proportionate to the risk level of the AI applications, and are not too burdensome for businesses across Europe, as this would restrain innovation and hinder AI adoption.

A coherent legal framework is crucial for accelerating AI deployment in motor vehicles. We stress our support to the sectoral approach taken by the Commission, as this will ensure that automotive products remain regulated primarily through their sector-specific framework.

In order to avoid duplicating the existing governance mechanisms, ex ante conformity assessment procedures, and the monitoring and market surveillance in place for motor vehicles and their safety components, it is essential that the technical requirements for automotive products are integrated into the existing vehicle type-approval framework.

We trust that this approach will be further supported by the co-legislators (the European Parliament and Council) throughout the ordinary legislative procedure.

A flexible and balanced regulatory framework for AI will promote its widespread deployment in vehicles, contributing to cleaner, more efficient and especially safer mobility in Europe. ACEA believes that AI technology will increase the level of safety for vehicles, drivers, passengers, and roads.

The partially automated vehicles that are already available are equipped with safety systems – from basic ones that give drivers additional sensorial perception (such as blind spot detection) to advanced active safety systems (eg advanced driver assistance systems, advanced emergency braking systems or lane keeping systems) – that intervene automatically, and in a faster and more reliable way than a human being. Driver monitoring systems will enhance the safety of users by detecting distraction or drowsiness, alerting the driver of other hazards.

ACEA’s perspectives on AI are further elaborated in a position paper on the approach of EU automobile manufacturers to Artificial Intelligence. We stand ready to work further with the EU policymakers throughout the adoption process of this initiative.



欧盟对人工智能的态度受到汽车制造商的欢迎
欧洲汽车制造商协会(ACEA)欢迎欧盟委员会关于人工智能的倡议,以及其围绕人工智能发展卓越和信任的欧洲生态系统的目标。
ACEA支持提案中提出的基于风险的方法。事实上,欧洲人工智能方法取得成功的一个关键因素是,该法规中规定的要求与人工智能应用的风险水平成比例,对欧洲各地的企业来说不会太繁重,因为这会抑制创新,阻碍人工智能的采用。
一个连贯的法律框架对于加速在机动车辆上部署人工智能至关重要。我们强调支持欧盟委员会采取的行业方式,因为这将确保汽车产品主要通过其特定行业框架进行监管。
为了避免重复现有的治理机制、事前符合性评估程序,以及针对机动车及其安全部件的监测和市场监测,将汽车产品的技术要求集成到现有的车型批准框架中是至关重要的。
我们相信,这一做法将在整个普通立法程序中得到共同立法机构(欧洲议会和理事会)的进一步支持。
一个灵活和平衡的人工智能监管框架将促进其在汽车上的广泛部署,促进欧洲更清洁、更高效、尤其是更安全的出行。ACEA认为,人工智能技术将提高车辆、司机、乘客和道路的安全水平。
现有的部分自动驾驶车辆都配备了安全系统,从给驾驶员提供额外感官感知(如盲点检测)的基本系统到先进的主动安全系统(如先进的驾驶员辅助系统、先进的紧急制动系统或车道保持系统)-自动干预,并以比人类更快和更可靠的方式。司机监控系统将通过检测分心或困倦,提醒司机其他危险,提高用户的安全性。
ACEA在一份关于欧盟汽车制造商对人工智能方法的立场文件中进一步阐述了其对人工智能的看法。我们愿在这一倡议的实施过程中与欧盟决策者进一步合作。



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