新闻动态
NEWS
REACH绿色合规----​汽车行业的建议
来源:上海沐睿 | 作者:沐睿环境-莉哥 | 发布时间: 2021-08-25 | 218 次浏览 | 分享到:

注册:

收集REACH注册所需的相关数据需要花费时间很多并且成本很高。公司进口在欧洲经济区以外生产的物质及配制品时更是如此。这些公司必须从物质供应商处收集物质注册所需的数据。应尽量使用已经注册的物质。进口商更愿意与已在欧洲经济区指定唯一代表的非欧洲经济区公司合作。建议尽可能由供应链的最上游行为人实施注册,以最有效的利用技术信息, 避免重复。(物质制造商是供应链中的最上游;汽车原始设备制造商属于供应链的最下游。) 

Registration:

Collecting the relevant data required for REACH registration is very time consuming and costly. This is  especially true for companies that import substances  and mixtures that are produced outside of the EEA. They  must gather the necessary data required to register the  substance from the substance suppliers. Every attempt  should be made to use substances that are already  registered. Importing companies prefer to cooperate  with non-EEA companies that have already established  an OR in the EEA. It is suggested that registration is  pushed as far upstream in the supply chain as possible  to make the most effective use of technical information  and to avoid duplication. (The substance manufacturer  is the furthest upstream in the supply chain and the  automotive OEM is the furthest downstream.)


因此,针对向欧洲经济区客户提供产品的非欧洲供应商,汽车行业REACH指南的主要建议是,在欧洲经济区指定唯一代表(即:为出口商承担进口商的义务)。遗憾的是,第一优选项并不一定会被采用。例如:供应商不愿或不能在欧洲经济区指定唯一代表,可考虑其他选项,其优先顺序如下。

•优选项1: 要求非欧洲经济区供应商指定唯一代表及进行注册 

•优选项2: 更换供应商或更换物质/配制品 

•优选项3: 用非欧洲经济区供应商提供的技术数据,履行进口商的注册职责,或请求服务提供商代表你履行此职责

Consequently, the major recommendation of this  Guideline to the non-European suppliers providing products to EEA customers is to establish an OR within the EEA (i.e. for the exporter to assume the obligations  of an importer). Regrettably, this first priority cannot always be adopted. If, for example, suppliers choose  not to or are unable to establish OR in the EEA, further options may be considered and prioritised as follows.

• Priority1: Ask non-EEA supplier to establish an OR and to register  

• Priority2: Change suppliers or substitute the substance/mixture  

• Priority3: Assume registration responsibilities as importer using required technical data provided by  the non-EEA supplier or ask a service provider to act  on your behalf


优先顺序尤其是优选项2和3并不是固定不变的,而是取决于公司的具体政策和战略。 

The order of the priorities, especially priorities 2 and 3,  is not fixed, but depends on company-specific policies  and strategies.


唯一代表申请注册时,还需要提交非欧洲经济区制造商正式指定唯一代表的证明函副本。对于分阶段物质,唯一代表还必须申请预注册, 然后加入物质信息交换论坛(SIEF)。 

When an OR submits a registration, a copy of the letter  of the non-EEA manufacturer(s) officially assigning  the OR is also required. For phase-in substances,  the OR must also pre-register the substance and will  subsequently become a participant of the Substance Information Exchange Forum (SIEF).


另外,唯一代表还必须保存所有的关于进口数量的最新信息,其代表的出口商的欧洲经济区客户名单,以及最新的安全数据表/扩展安全数据表提供的信息。非欧洲经济区制造商必须告知相同供应链中的所有欧洲经济区进口商,他已经在欧洲经济区指定了唯一代表,唯一代表将履行法定注册职责。但可以预计,在大多数情况下将由非欧洲经济区出口商为唯一代表提供所有必要的卷宗数据。如果非欧洲经济区制造商决定更换唯一代表,则新指定的唯一代表应与前唯一代表协商一致,通过更改注册人身份更新注册卷宗,如有必要,还需更改其他事宜(如:更改吨位等级)(REACH第8条)。 

Moreover, an OR will have to keep all up-to-date  available information on quantities imported, the list  of EEA customers of the exporters he represents, and information on the supply of the latest update of the  SDS/Ext-SDS. The non-EEA manufacturer must inform all EEA importers in the same supply chain that a representative in the EEA has been appointed as an  OR, who then becomes legally responsible for the  registration. Nevertheless, it can be anticipated that  in most cases, it will be the non-EEA exporter who will  provide the OR with all necessary data for the dossier. If a non-EEA manufacturer decides to change his OR, the  newly appointed OR can, in agreement with the former OR, update the registration dossier by changing the registrant identity, and if necessary, any other issues  (e.g. change of tonnage band) (Art. 8 REACH).


一家进口公司的所有股份制实体或注册法人实体可指定一名唯一代表。在这种情况下,履行唯一代表职责的法人实体将负责组织中其他单位的预注册/注册,根据REACH规定,这些实体将成为下游用户。 

It is possible that an OR is named for all legally  incorporated or registered entities of an importing  company. In such cases, the legal entity taking over  the role of an OR will carry out the pre-registration/ registration for all other parts of the organisation, which  will then assume the status of DU under REACH.


注:

唯一代表的义务不仅限于注册职责,还包括制造商/进口商的所有其他义务(如:通报 (REACH第7.2条)、信息传递(REACH第 33条)、授权(REACH第56条)、安全数 据表义务(REACH第31条)等)

NOTE:

The OR obligations are not limited to registration duties only but include all other obligations of  manufacturers/importers (e.g. notification (Art.  7.2 REACH), communication (Art. 33 REACH),  authorisation (Art. 56 REACH), SDS obligations  (Art. 31 REACH), etc.)



上海沐睿环境有限公司是国内专业从事汽车法规合规的第三方咨询公司,多年来,为上汽,长城,宇通,大通,爱驰,蔚来等OEM提供汽车环保法规合规服务,团队跟踪与研究全球的环保合规,期待为更多的企业提供服务。www.automds.cn    

详情咨询info@murqa.com